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CBP (Customs and Border Protection)


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Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Overview

What is CBP and when was it established?

CBP, short for Customs and Border Protection, is an agency under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security established in 2003. It plays a crucial role in overseeing foreign trade and travel into the United States.

What is the primary function of CBP?

The primary function of CBP is to examine and control the flow of goods and people entering the country. This involves a comprehensive review of import documentation, including packing slips and commercial invoices.

What does CBP do during the inspection process?

During the inspection process, CBP selects shipments for inspection based on import paperwork. This involves scrutinizing the contents of packages to ensure compliance with regulations.

How does CBP collaborate with other organizations?

CBP collaborates with various governmental organizations known as Partner Government Entities (PGAs). These include:

  • FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
  • APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service)
  • FWS (Fish and Wildlife Service)
  • NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service)
  • NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)

What responsibilities does CBP have in collaboration with PGAs?

In collaboration with PGAs, CBP not only ensures customs compliance but also plays a role in enforcing regulations related to health, safety, and the environment. This includes the collection of import taxes and conducting customs inspections.

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